Autism is a severe form of pervasive developmental disorder affecting several areas of development; communication, social interaction and behavior in which the cause is still unknown. Children with autism may often appear "typical" as there are no obvious physical abnormalities. The disorder may become more obvious by the behavior exhibited, lack of functional communication and absence of appropriate social skills. Autism affects each child differently and we can never compare the symptoms as it ranges from mild to severe. Children with autism have difficulty processing what they sense (see, hear, touch, taste, smell and movement), resulting in unusual or challenging behavior.
The term ASD describes a group of pervasive developmental disorder including Autism, High Functioning Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Autistic Savant and PDD - NOS. Asperger's Syndrome and High Functioning Autism are diagnosed given to people whose intelligence falls within the normal to above average range, however the core characteristics of ASD are still present.
Giftedness can be a blessing of high functioning Autism but the inability to live in the real world is the downside. Autism thwarts a child’s communication and socialization skills. Therefore, we need to help the child become the best version of himself the world will allow.
The world is also changing and carving a niche out for people who are smart, innovative, technical, detail-driven and deeply passionate. These are the unique talents with many people with ASD. Many children with high functioning Autism excel in visual skills, music, math and art. SAP, a German software company sees potential competitive advantage to leveraging the unique talents of people with autism and plan to employ hundreds of them by 2020.
Since each child is different, we need to understand the way they best learned and their uniqueness to be taken into their learning environment.